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VOX AC30

The VOX AC30 combo amp has been an icon for decades, known as the sound that powered the 1960s British Invasion.

Make and model Vox - AC30
Power (Watt) 30 W
Type Combo
Channels 2
Footswitchable channels No
Lamps
Power lamps 4 x EL84
Preamp lamps 4 x 12AX7, 1x ECC82
Rectifier
Effect loop No
Effects Yes
Tremolo
Reverb No
Impedance
Size
Weight

Vox-AC30

In 1960, Vox replaced the AC-30/4 with the AC-30/6. The 1964 AC30/6 “Treble” amp shown at left and above is a mint condition example of this model from the North Coast Music collection.

The AC30/6 was produced in four different versions, as documented by Vox service schematics for the amp. JMI Vox schematic depicted the “Treble” version of this amp. Schematic was the “Bass” version, and was the “Normal” version. The final version was the “Top Boost ” version, depicted by a combination of JMI Vox schematics OS-065 and OS-010.

The electronic differences between the AC-30 Treble, Bass and Normal amps are extremely minor. The values of only two tone voicing capacitors, C3 and C10, are affected.

A brief history of the AC30/6

A year after its introduction in 1959, the AC-30/4 had started to develop a bad reputation due to problems with the EF86 preamp tube. This tube easily developed microphonic tendencies which severely affected the tone of the amp. Vox decided to revise the circuit.

The redesigned AC-30/6 arrived in 1960. It added a third channel and replaced the troublesome EF86 with a battery of ECC83 (12AX7) twin triode preamp tubes. Unfortunately, the AC-30/6 preamp circuit had less gain and was tonally less brilliant than the AC-30/4 it replaced.

The Shadows, a UK based 1960’s era guitar instrumental band that endorsed Vox amps, noticed the drop in overall level and treble response in the AC-30/6 and reported this concern back to Vox.

Vox head engineer Dick Denney felt that the best solution would be to design a treble and bass control circuit for the AC-30. Denney did a little “reverse engineering” on the tone circuits from a Fender Twin amp and developed an add-on tone control circuit that he called the AC-30 “brilliance unit.” Calling the new circuit the “brilliance unit” caused some confusion to customers as the AC30/6 already had a “Brilliant” channel. As a result, Vox renamed the circuit “Top Boost.”

The Top Boost circuit was built on an “L” shaped steel bracket and included the addition of an another ECC83 tube plus a Treble and Bass control. Most frequently, customers sent their AC-30/6 amps back to the factory to have the Top Boost unit retrofitted to their amps. This modification was a bit beyond the abilities of most AC-30 amp owners.

When this circuit was mounted to the rear chassis of an AC-30/6, a rectangular hole had to be cut into the upper rear vinyl covered wood back of the amp to access the controls.

It is this top boosted AC-30 configuration that is heard in early Beatle recordings.

I will add that not all shared the Shadow’s opinion on the non top boosted AC-30/6. Brian May of Queen prefers his AC-30 amps without Top Boost. He uses external devices to develop his tone.

The AC-30/6 Twin had three channels, Brilliant, Normal, and Vib-Trem. If fitted with the Top Boost modification, the added Bass and Treble controls only affected the Brilliant channel. The Tone control affected all three channels.

Four ECC83, one ECC82, one GZ-34 and four EL-84 tubes were used in the Treble, Bass, and Normal versions of the AC-30/6. The Top Boost circuit required an additional ECC83 tube.

The earliest versions of the AC-30/6 were covered in fawn (light tan) vinyl with brown diamond grill cloth. In 1962, some AC-30/6 amps were covered in a smooth black vinyl. By late 1963, JMI Vox adopted a black “basket weave” vinyl for all of their amps. The fawn vinyl was phased out.

The Vib-Trem channel offered a choice between vibrato (wavering pitch) and tremolo (wavering amplitude). A rotary, three position Speed switch adjusted the the rate of modulation. An egg shaped single button foot switch operated the effect.

Two 8 ohm 12″ Alnico Blue (1962-63) or Gray (1963 and later) Celestion G12 speakers were standard. The typical Celestion from this era had wire connecting lugs mounted through the speaker frame.

An optional chrome plated, tubular rigid stand was also offered.

Source: www.voxshownroom.com


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Players - Who used this amplifier

Queen
My Hand-Wired VOX AC30s are the tone that I’ve been looking for, for a long, long time. They give me all the fireworks, but all the subtlety as well.
I hate life, I hate death and everything in between just doesn't interest me.
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